氟碘甲烷 - CH2FI - 373-53-5

  •  氟碘甲烷 - CH2FI - 373-53-5
Fluoroiodomethane - CH2FI - 373-53-5

产品名称: 氟碘甲烷 - CH2FI - 373-53-5

产品分类: 一氟甲基化试剂

CAS号:373-53-5

纯度:≧99%

包装:棕色玻璃瓶

规格:50g,100g,500g,1kg,more

产品详情:

氟碘甲烷 性质
沸点  53.4℃
密度  2.366 g/cm3 (20 ºC)
折射率  1.491 (589.3 nm 20℃)


安全信息
危险品标志  T
危险类别码  36/37/38
安全说明  26-36/37/39
危险品运输编号  2810
Hazard Note  Highly Toxic


Guided by theoretical predictions, the rotational spectrum of fluoroiodomethane, CH(2)FI, has been recorded and assigned. Accurate values are reported for the ground-state rotational constants, all quartic, sextic, and two octic centrifugal-distortion constants. The hyperfine structure of the rotational spectrum was thoroughly investigated using a Fourier-transform microwave spectrometer and the Lamb-dip technique in the millimeter-/submillimeter-wave region, thus allowing the accurate determination of the complete iodine quadrupole-coupling tensor and of the diagonal elements of the iodine spin-rotation tensor. Relativistic effects turned out to be essential for the accurate theoretical prediction of the dipole moment and quadrupole-coupling constants and were accounted for by direct perturbation theory and a spin-free four-component treatment based on the Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian. The relativistic corrections to the dipole moment amount to up to 34% and to the iodine quadrupole-coupling tensor to about 15-16% of the total values.
 


Fluoromethylation. Fluoroiodomethane can react with var-ious nucleophiles (phenols, benzoic acid derivatives, amines,amides, and thiol derivatives) to give the correspondingfluoromethylated products (eq 3).2,3However, reproducibilityproblems have been observed since some of the fluoromethylatedproducts are unstable.

Fluoromethyl radical can be generated from the photolysis of
fluoroiodomethane.
6
In the presence of alkenes, multiple addition
products are obtained. However, the selectivities observed are not
high enough to be synthetically useful.
A palladium-mediated Suzuki–Miyaura-type fluoromethyl-
ation has been developed by rapid trapping of fluoroiodomethane
with an excess amount of pinacol phenylboronate ester (eq 4).
7
Fluoromethylation with [
18
F]fluoromethyliodide is of interest
in radiochemistry for the preparation of [
18
F]-labeled pharma-
ceuticals. The latter are used for positron emission tomography
(PET) due, in particular, to the longer half-life of fluorine-18
relative to carbon-11 (109.8 min vs. 20.4 min). A number of novel
Fluoromethyl radical can be generated from the photolysis offluoroiodomethane.6In the presence of alkenes, multiple additionproducts are obtained. However, the selectivities observed are nothigh enough to be synthetically useful.A palladium-mediated Suzuki–Miyaura-type fluoromethyl-ation has been developed by rapid trapping of fluoroiodomethanewith an excess amount of pinacol phenylboronate ester (eq 4).7Fluoromethylation with [18F]fluoromethyliodide is of interestin radiochemistry for the preparation of [18F]-labeled pharma-ceuticals. The latter are used for positron emission tomography(PET) due, in particular, to the longer half-life of fluorine-18relative to carbon-11 (109.8 min vs. 20.4 min). A number of novel PET tracers have been prepared (eq 5) by fluoromethylation with[18F]fluoromethyliodide.8–11

Preparation of Fluorophosphonium Salts En Route toTerminal Fluoroalkenes. Fluoroiodomethane reacts with triph-enylphosphine to form the stable phosphonium salt A, whichcan undergo a dehydrohalogenation with n-butyllithium in THFat −78◦C (eq 6). The in situ generated phosphorane B can thenreact with aldehydes and ketones to give the terminal monofluoro-alkenes.1,12–14While the reaction proceeds efficiently (52–80%yield for the aldehydes), a mixture of trans and cis isomers areobtained with low selectivity.
 

Synthesis of Rhenium α-Fluoromethyl Complex. The
strongly nucleophilic carbonylmetallate Na
+
[(CO)
5
Re]

was
treated with fluoroiodomethane to afford the first rhenium
α-fluoromethyl complex in 73% yield (eq 7).
15
Synthesis of Rhenium α-Fluoromethyl Complex. Thestrongly nucleophilic carbonylmetallate Na+[(CO)5Re]−wastreated with fluoroiodomethane to afford the first rheniumα-fluoromethyl complex in 73% yield (eq 7).15

J Med Chem Synthesis and structure-activity relationships in a series of antiinflammatory corticosteroid analogues, halomethyl androstane-17beta-carbothioates and -17beta-carboselenoates New methods for the synthesis of fluticasone propionate have been reported: 1) The reaction of 6alpha,9alpha-difluoro-11beta,17alpha-dihydroxy-16alpha-methyl-3-oxo and rosta-1,4-diene-17beta-carboxylic acid (I) with carbonyldiimidazole (CDI) and H2S in DMF gives the corresponding carbothioic acid (II), which is selectively acylated with propionyl chloride and triethylamine in CH2Cl2, yielding the 17alpha-propionyloxy derivative (III). The reaction of (III) with CH2BrCl and NaHCO3 in DMA affords the S-chloromethyl ester (IV), which by reaction with NaI in refluxing acetone is converted to the S-iodomethyl ester (V). Finally, this compound is treated with AgF in acetonitrile. 2) By esterification of thioacid (II) with bromofluoromethane or fluoroiodomethane by means of K2CO3 in DMF. 



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